General Sir John Monash

General Sir John Monash GGMG, KCB, VD is widely acknowledged as one of the great Australians. He was Australia’s outstanding military and civilian leader as well as a great contributor to Australian life. Born to German Jewish parents in 1865 in Melbourne, Monash was Dux (jointly) of Melbourne’s Scotch College. He graduated from The University of Melbourne with degrees of a Master of Engineering in 1893, a Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Law in 1895, and a Doctor of Engineering in 1921.

 Before the Great War, Sir John Monash worked as an engineer in Melbourne where he was recognised as an innovator in the use of reinforced concrete. During the First World War he led a brigade at Gallipoli and was noted for his brilliant command of the Australian Army Corps in France which resulted in a number of major victories that are credited with having shortened the course of the Great War. Post-war, Sir John Monash was the first General Manager of the State Electricity Commission of Victoria. Later he became the Vice-Chancellor of The University of Melbourne. As well as being a founding member of the Rotary Club of Melbourne, Australia’s first Rotary Club, he was also the founding president of the Zionist Federation of Australia and New Zealand. Sir John Monash, who was one of the principal organisers of the annual observance of ANZAC Day, as well as an advocate for Melbourne’s Shrine of Remembrance, died in 1931. His State Funeral was attended by an estimated 300,000 mourners who came to pay their respects to a great Australian.

 

John Monash
  1. Monash Family Migrates to Australia

    Monash’s parents, Louis Monash and Bertha Manasse migrate from Prussia to Melbourne

  2. Monash was Born

    John Monash born on 27 June 1865 in Melbourne.

  3. Scotch College Melbourne

    Scotch College Melbourne

    Attends Scotch College

    At age 16, he graduates Dux (equal) Scotch College.

  4. Enters Melbourne University

    Begins his engineering studies.

  5. University Company Victorian Rifles 1885

    University Company Victorian Rifles 1885

    Interest in the military

    Monash joins the university company of the militia.

  6. Engineering career begins

    Interrupted study, begins working for David Munro who operates the largest engineering workshop in Australia.

  7. Monash a lieutenant

    Made lieutenant in the North Melbourne battery militia unit.

  8. Monash builds Melbourne railway

    Oversees Melbourne’s Outer Circle Railway Line.

  9. Hannah Victoria Moss

    Hannah Victoria Moss

    Monash marries

    On 8 April 1891, Monash marries Hannah Victoria Moss (1871–1920)

  10. Monash aged 29, daughter Bertha, aged 20 months, and his father Louis - 1894

    Monash aged 29, daughter Bertha, aged 20 months, and his father Louis - 1894

    Daughter born

    Monash’s first and only child Bertha Monash is born in 1893.

  11. monash-grantst

    Bridge Design by Monash

    Furthers engineering career

    Monash works as a civil engineer, playing a major role in introducing reinforced concrete to Australian engineering practice.

  12. Graduates from the University of Melbourne: a Master of Engineering

  13. Construction of the Morell (Anderson Street) Bridge, a "monier arch" bridge over the Yarra River - 1899

    Construction of the Morell (Anderson Street) Bridge over the Yarra River - 1899

    JT Anderson partnership

    Enters into partnership with JT Anderson as consultants and contractors.

  14. Graduates with two more degrees

    Monash graduates from Melbourne University: a Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Law

  15. Military career moves forward

    Becomes a Major of the North Melbourne Battery

  16. monash-history5

    Monier Pipe Construction

    Engineering career flourishes

    Forms Reinforced Concrete and Monier Pipe Construction Co Ltd.

  17. Makes lieutenant-colonel

    Made a lieutenant-colonel in the intelligence corps.

  18. John Monash with Intelligence Staff - 1909

    John Monash with Intelligence Staff - 1909

    Major step forward for military career

    Commands the Victorian section of the Australian Intelligence Corps

  19. Colonel of 13th Infantry Brigade

    Monash is a colonel commanding the 13th Infantry Brigade.

  20. Monash, at 50, in Cairo, October 1915 (Australian War Memorial Negative No. A01241)

    Monash, at 50, in Cairo, October 1915

    Monash goes to war

    Appointed commander 4th Infantry Brigade, AIF, Gallipoli.

  21. Monash with King George V reviewing 27,000 soldiers of Monash's 3rd Division on 27 September 1916 at Salisbury Plain (Australian War Memorial Negative No. P00997.019)

    Monash with King George V reviewing 27,000 soldiers of Monash’s 3rd Division on 27 September 1916 at Salisbury Plain (Australian War Memorial Negative No. P00997.019)

    Military career strives ahead

    Made Major-General, commanding 3rd Australian Division in France. Monash trains the division in England with the minutest attention to detail, after which division is sent to the Western Front in November 1916.

  22. Battle of Messines

    Monash is involved in many battles including Messines, Broodseinde, and the First Battle of Passchendaele. The British High Command is impressed by Monash’s abilities and enthusiasm.

  23. France's Premier, M. Georges Clemenceau (first on left) with Monash (third from left) three days after Australia had won the 4 July 1918 Battle of Hamel (Australian War Memorial Negative No. E02527)

    France's Premier, M. Georges Clemenceau (first on left) with Monash (third from left) three days after Australia had won the 4 July 1918 Battle of Hamel

    Battle of Le Hamel, Amiens; knighted in the field

    May 1918, Monash is promoted to lieutenant general and made commander of the Australian Corps. The battle of Le Hamel was a strong, significant victory for the Allies, the first decisive win for the British Army of the war.

  24. Monash leading Australian troops in  London victory march on 19 July 1919 (Australian War Memorial Negative No. D00829)

    Monash leading Australian troops in London victory march on 19 July 1919

    War is over

    Monash leading Australian troops in London victory march on 19 July 1919 (Australian War Memorial Negative No. D00829)

  25. Switch on of Yallourn Power Station - 1926

    Switch on of Yallourn Power Station - 1926

    Role at the SEC

    Vic Monash dies of cancer. Monash is appointed General Manager, State Electricity Commission.

  26. Education still developing

    Monash obtains a Doctor of Engineering.

  27. Rotary Club

    Founding member of the Rotary Club of Melbourne, Australia’s first Rotary Club

  28. Old Quad, University of Melbourne

    Old Quad, University of Melbourne

    Appointed Vice-Chancellor of the University of Melbourne

  29. Shrine of Remembrance, Melbourne

    Shrine of Remembrance, Melbourne

    Role in the Shrine of Remembrance.

    Monash uses the ANZAC Day march to garner support for the Shrine of Remembrance. The Shrine was officially dedicated on 11 November 1934

  30. Last portrait: Aged 66 in mid-1931, a few months before his death (Australian War Memorial Negative No. H15650)

    Last portrait: Aged 66 in mid-1931, a few months before his death (Australian War Memorial Negative No. H15650)

    Monash dies

    Monash dies in Melbourne on 8 October 1931 from a heart attack and is given a state funeral. An estimated 300,000 mourners, the nation’s largest funeral crowd to that time, came to pay their respects.

  31. Monash University Inaugurated